7 – 10 March 2013
“From the hearts of men and women to the body of the Church: the Baptism in the Spirit”.
The European Catholic Charismatic Renewal Info-Letter (Euccril)
In this issue: A report by Kees Slijkerman on the International Ecumenical Congress “Baptism in the Holy Spirit”, March 7th-10th 2013 in Switzerland.
BAPTISM IN THE SPIRIT TO FULFILL THE CHURCH
What we today call ‘baptism in the Holy Spirit’ can be seen in the context of a long tradition of revival movements on the way to the accomplishment of the Church. And the practice of the sacrament of confirmation doesn’t look like the way we officially describe this sacrament in the Catechesis of the Catholic Church (CCC 1302-1303).
This are just some insights I took from the colloquium in Switzerland, organized together by the Community Chemin Neuf and the International Catholic Charismatic Renewal Services (ICCRS), March 2013. Over 270 participants took part, including bishops, theologians and a lot of young students of the Chemin Neuf training programs. Participants were mainly coming from Europe and Africa, but we had also some participants from the rest of the world.
Up till now ICCRS did a lot of research on ‘baptism in the Spirit as it has been manifested in the Catholic Charismatic Renewal’ (see EUCCRIL 253). Now the Doctrinal Commission of ICCRS presented the result of this research in an ecumenical – mainly French speaking – setting.
Speakers from different Church backgrounds told us the ‘family stories’ of the Churches and streams they represented.
Neal Blough, a Mennonite professor Church history from Paris, said that the first person who used the expression ‘baptism in the Holy Spirit’ was revival preacher Charles Finney (1792 – 1875). This expression is based on the promise of Jesus: ‘You will be baptized in the Holy Spirit’ (Acts 1:5).
At the beginning of the 20th century people started to experience this promise, accompanied by the charism of speaking in tongues, on a wide scale. This new phenomenon was called the Pentecostal movement. Both people who had already been converted to Christ, and people who were converted at the same time they experienced baptism in the Spirit became part of the Pentecostal Movement.
Cecil Mel Robeck, a Pentecostal professor of Church history from California, told us the ‘family story’ of the Pentecostal Movement, including different views on the link between conversion, salvation, baptism in the Holy Spirit and sanctification. Is baptism in the Holy Spirit part of a process in two steps or three steps? ‘There are different ‘pentecostalisms’ (plural) with different views’, Robeck explained. But in practice no Pentecostal pastor will have a problem with people who do all the steps at once.
The different Catholic views were also presented and developed further.
Mary Healy, chair of the Doctrinal Commission of ICCRS, described ‘baptism in the Holy Spirit’ as an interior revelation of the love of God the Father and the lordship of the risen Jesus, leading to a transformed life in the power of the Holy Spirit and his gifts.
Laurent Fabre, the founder of Chemin Neuf, raised the question when Paul of Tarsus was baptized in the Holy Spirit. Fabre thought it was on the way to Damascus. So, before Ananias laid hands on him and before he was baptized with water.
Not all French speaking Catholics prefer the expression ‘effusion de l’Esprit’. Laurent Fabre prefers ‘baptême dans l’Esprit Saint’. The French word ‘effusion’ is hard to translate in English and in French is nearly only used to express that one becomes full of joy.
Mgr. Dr. Peter Hocken, the other member of the Doctrinal Commission of ICCRS, stated at the end of the colloquium that we as Catholics have passed the stage of speaking in an apologetic way about baptism in the Holy Spirit. ‘In the early years of the Catholic Charismatic Renewal the concern was more to produce an account that would help the Church authorities to accept the Renewal rather than a focus on a full understanding of the spiritual reality and its significance’, he said. ‘A trans-denominational and potentially ecumenical phenomenon such as the Renewal requires for an adequate understanding, a trans-denominational and ecumenical reflection and analysis. The baptism in the Holy Spirit is an inter-denominational ecumenical phenomenon to prepare the fulfillment of the Church and the coming of the Lord.’
In Western Churches we are not used to thinking in terms of deification (2 Peter 1:4). So it was good to have Michel Stavrou as a speaker. He is professor of Orthodox theology in Paris. The Orthodox tradition did not neglect the Holy Spirit in the same way as western theology, but knows little of the charismatic renewal. Deification is a lifelong ongoing process. Stavrou spoke about christification and our way to transfiguration.
Very interesting was the talk of Dr. Etienne Vetö ccn on ‘The Gift of the Holy Spirit and the Gifts of the Holy Spirit according to Thomas Aquinas. I cannot summarize this talk. Most surprising was the statement of Thomas that also non-Christians can receive charisms. But it is in line with Vatican II, where it speaks about the possible work of the Spirit outside Christianity.
Amazing statements on ecumenism were also given by Gottfried Locher, Cecil Mel Robeck and Laurent Fabre.
Lochner is a Reformed pastor, doctor in theology and president of the Swiss Federation of Protestant Churches. He said that the keyword on the way to Christian unity is ‘Wandlung’, a German word ‘that is hard to translate’. It means something like ‘change’ and even ‘transubstantiation’.
‘I guess that many church leaders are happy that there is little change’, Lochner said, ‘because the consequences, also financially, are so big’.
Cecil Mel Robeck started his first speech with the question how the religious world map will look like over 300 years. Not long ago somebody had said to Robeck: ‘In the year 2300 only the Roman Catholic Church and Islam are left over. It will be a charismatic reformed Roman Catholic Church, including the Eastern and Western churches and all Christians.’ Robeck started to think a lot about this statement. He is co-chair of the Catholic-Pentecostal dialogue, a dialogue in which the Pontifical council for Christian Unity now is speaking about the charisms of the Holy Spirit.
Laurent Fabre, who met a cardinal in the Philippines short before the colloquium, suggested to have a new council. ‘Why not in Jerusalem? Maybe the new pope can call all Christian leaders together to come before the Lord to listen to Him.’
Pope and archbishop of Canterbury
As you can read in Euccril 255, Peter Hocken met cardinal Bergoglio, shortly before the colloquium, shortly before the conclave. He met him in Argentina together with the chairperson of Toward Jerusalem Council II.
We did not know who would be the new pope, but we knew who would be the new archbishop of Canterbury: bishop Justin Welby (enthroned March 21th, 2013). He was with us in the colloquium, led one of the sessions and gave an impressive testimony. He knelt down before the cross and we all prayed for him.
Three days after the colloquium Cardinal Bergoglio was elected as the new pope.
As Peter Hocken wrote in Euccril 255: ‘Pope Francis understands the ecumenical inter-church character of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit in our days.’ Will he come out with an encyclical on it?
We are living in a very special period of the Church.
The talks of this colloquium will be published in French in a book. Hopefully also in English.
You can order the audio of the talks on cd in several languages.
This colloquium was March 7th-10th 2013 in Gästehaus Kloster Bethanien St. Niklausen, Switzerland. Chemin Neuf was asked to take over this monastery and did so in August 2012. It’s a very good place to be.
Kees Slijkerman Secretary of the European subcommittee of ICCRS
Today one Christian out of three has experienced the “Baptism in the Holy Spirit”. There is no doubt that the Baptism in the Holy Spirit, as a personal adhesion to Christ and a renewal of spiritual life, with the gifts of the Holy Spirit connected to it, leads to a missionary commitment towards evangelization.
Organised by Chemin Neuf Community in collaboration with ICCRS.
It is important to find out whether it corresponds to experiences already present in ecclesial traditions or if it represents a special grace for our times and is designed for all. Is it limited to the life of the individual or does it contain a communitarian or ecclesial dimension? Does it play any role in the renewal of ecclesial communion and in the furthering of the unity of Christians?
Historians, exegetes, theologians and witnesses from different Churches will explore together the fruits and limits of this personal and communitarian experience.
This congress will allow us to listen to twenty exegetes, theologians, leaders of the Renewal and representatives of different churches. Together with them, we will be identifying the fruits and the limits of Baptism in the Holy Spirit, a personal and community experience which one in three Christians in the world today have encountered. The congress will examine three themes over three successive days:
- a critical historical survey: the experience of different traditions
- the individual and ecclesial nature of the experience of the Holy Spirit
- the role of the Baptism in the Holy Spirit in the life of the Church.
In this way, we will endeavour to better understand the challenge of Baptism in the Holy Spirit for our time: is it something that is destined for all? What is its missionary dimension and its place in evangelization? Is it limited to the individual or does it include a community and ecclesial dimension? Does it have a role to play in the renewal of ecclesial communion, and in the unity of Christians?
The congress is organised in collaboration with ICCRS (International Catholic Charismatic Renewal Services, Rome). It will take place at Kloster Bethanien in Switzerland, and will be jointly hosted by the Dominican Sisters of Bethany.
THURSDAY 7 MARCH OPENING OF THE CONGRESS
- Welcome from 5 p.m.
- “Go and set the whole earth on fire’: from Ignatius of Loyola to the Charismatic Renewal” – Laurent Fabre
- “Ecumenical Convictions” – Gottfried Locher
FRIDAY 8 MARCH CRITICAL HISTORICAL SURVEY
- Morning (president: Michelle Moran)
- “Why discuss the Baptism in the Holy Spirit?” – Mary Healy
- “History of Pentecostalism and its dialogue with the Catholic Church” – Cecil Mel Robeck
- Response – Gabriel Tchonang
Afternoon (president: Joseph Famerée)
- Study Groups
- “Baptism, Spirit and Church: the visible and the invisible in the debates between reformers, anabaptists and spiritualists in Strasbourg (1530)” – Neal Blough
- “Catholic Charismatic Renewal: sources, history, challenges” – Peter Hocken
- Theological reflection on the day – André Birmelé, Mary Healy, Etienne Vetö
- Prayer group: praise and testimonies
SATURDAY 9 MARCH PERSONAL AND ECCLESIAL EXPERIENCE OF THE SPIRIT
- Morning (president: Mgr Philippe Ballot)
- “Baptism and new life in Paul” – Christian Grappe
- “Gift of the Spirit and gifts of the Spirit in Thomas Aquinas” – Etienne Vetö
- “Deification and the role of the Holy Spirit in church life” – Michel Stavrou
Afternoon (president: the Rt. Rev. Justin Welby)
- “Reception of the Spirit and ecclesial communion in the Acts of the Apostles” – François Lestang
- “Recognising the need for the Church and of different forms of being Church” – André Birmelé, Joseph Famerée
- Response – Cecil Mel Robeck
- Theological reflection on the day – André Birmelé, Mary Healy, Etienne Vetö
- Prayer group
SUNDAY 10 MARCH BAPTISM IN THE HOLY SPIRIT AND CHURCH LIFE
- “One Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father’: the unity of baptismal grace” – Philippe Dockwiller
- “Baptism in the Holy Spirit, sacraments and contemporary Church life” – Mary Healy
- Round table: Baptism in the Holy Spirit: the challenge of unity?
- Closing of the Congress
- André Birmelé (Strasbourg, France)
- Neal Blough (Paris, France)
- Philippe Dockwiller (Lyon, France)
- Joseph Famerée (Louvain, Belgique)
- Christian Grappe (Strasbourg, France)
- Mary Healy (Detroit-Michigan, USA)
- Peter Hocken (Vienna, Austria)
- Cecil Mel Robeck (Pasadena-California, USA)
- Michel Stavrou (Paris, France)
- Gabriel Tchonang (Strasbourg, France)
- Members of the Chemin Neuf Community
Venue & Accomodation
“Kloster Bethanien”, St. Niklausen – Switzerland
Gästehaus Kloster Bethanien
CH-6066 St. Niklausen
(1h15 from Zurich, 30 min from Luzerne)
Please contact the Institut de Théologie for more information.
Booking fees: 15 euros
Financial contribution: 240€ – 350€ (290 – 420 CHF)
Concessions for students: contact us